Newcastle Jewish Community

Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear




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congregations throughout the British Isles and Gibraltar, both past and present.
NOTE: We are not the official website for this community.

City of Newcastle upon Tyne

Newcastle upon Tyne, with a population of about 260,000 is the principal city of North East of England, lying on north bank of the river Tyne a few miles inland from the North Sea coast.  The present boundaries date from 1974, when the metropolitan borough of Newcastle upon Tyne was formed, within the then new metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear.  Newcastle became a unitary authority in 1986 when Tyne and Wear lost its administrative status, becoming purely a ceremonial county.  Until 1974, Newcastle was a county borough and part of the county of Northumberland.

The Newcastle upon Tyne Jewish Community

There was a small medieval Jewish community in Newcastle. The modern community is believed to date from 1775.

Jewish Congregations

The following are the Jewish congregations that exist or existed in Newcastle upon Tyne, the first of which was established in Temple Street in about 1837:

* An active congregation.

The following are former or alternative names of the above congregations:


Newcastle upon Tyne Jewish Cemeteries Information


Search of Newcastle Cemeteries Databases,
with brief articles by Alan Tobias describing the relevant cemetery.
(Records include GPS coordinates for each individual grave (accurate to about one metre) as well as
a feature that provides a Google satellite image of the cemetery showing the location of the grave.)

  • The Newcastle Hazelrigg Jewish Cemetery Database, which also includes burials in the Ravensworth and Gateshead Community cemetery sections of the cemetery, contains nearly 2,300 burial records and over 1,730 headstone images, and covers burials dating from 1908 through July 2023, as well as plans of the cemetery sections.

  • The Newcastle Heaton Jewish Cemetery Database, containing 404 burial records and 293 headstone images, dating from 1915, as well as plans of the cemetery.

Listed below are the cemeteries used by the Newcastle upon Tyne Jewish Community (as well as the Jewish Community in Gateshead):

Thornton Street Cemetery (picture courtesy Peter Gatoff)

  • Thornton Street Cemetery, Waterloo Chambers, off Westgate Street. The first cemetery of the Newcastle Jewish community and was located near the Temple Street Synagogue. In use from about 1831 (or 1835) to 1851. Only a small part (a tiny enclosed courtyard) of the original plot remains and only about five weathered headstones survive.

  • Elswick Jewish Cemetery (Orthodox), Elswick Road. The Jewish Section of the St. John's Cemetery. In use from 1857 (extended in 1887 and 1889) until 1963 (now full). Contains some 1,000 graves.

  • Hazelrigg Jewish Cemetery (Orthodox), Coach Lane, Gosforth. Opened 1906, having initially been acquired by Corporation Street Synagogue. The cemetery also includes the Ravensworth section and sections for the Gateshead Jewish Community (see cemetery plan). The cemetery is still in use. (The cemetery is situated in the part of Hazelrigg to the east of the AI and is thus actually within the metropolitan borough of North Tyneside and not Newcastle upon Tyne.).

  • Heaton Cemetery (Orthodox), Benton Road. The Jewish Section of the Byker and Heaton Municipal Cemetery. Opened 1915 by the JJesmond Hebrew Congregation

  • Newcastle Reform Jewish Cemetery, North Shields. This is the cemetery of the Newcastle Reform Synagogue and is actually situated in a dedicated section of the Preston Road Cemetery, Preston Road North, North Shields.

Records of the Elswick, Hazelrigg and Heaton cemeteries are on the JOWBR and/or All-UK Database (see above).

(For additional information, see IAJGS Cemetery Project - Newcastle)


Search the All-UK Database

The records in the database associated with Newcastle upon Tyne include:

  • Burials (including images of grave stones)

    • JCR-UK Submissions to JOWBR (JewishGen Online Worldwide Burial Register)

      • Elswick Cemetery, 1859-c.1963 (743 records)

      • Hazelrigg Cemetery (including Ravensworth and the Gateshead Community sections) 1908-2021 (2,275 records)

      • Heaton Cemetery, 1916 -2013 (404 records)


  • UK Jewish Communal Leaders Database

    • Jewish Directory for 1874 (60 Newcastle records);

    • Jewish Year Book 1896/97 (24 Newcastle records)

    • JCR-UK Listings (126 Newcastle records - as of 30 September 2021)

  • 1851 Anglo Jewry Database (updated 2016)

    • Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in Newcastle upon Tyne during the 1780s (1 record), 1800s (4 records), 1820s (1  record), 1830s (2 records), 1840s (41 records), 1850s (104 records), 1860s (36 records), 1870s (30 records), 1880s (17 records), 1890s (4 records), 1900s (4 records) and 1910s (2 records).


On-line Articles and Other Material
relating to the Newcastle upon Tyne Jewish Community



Other Newcastle upon Tyne Jewish Institutions & Organisations
(that had been formed by 1900*)

Educational & Theological

  • Congregational Schools (from at least 1874)

Other Institutions & Organisations

  • Hebrew Philanthropic Friendly Society (established 1853) for relief of members during sickness and week of mourning.

  • Jewish Board of Guardians (founded 1872). For the relief of the deserving Jewish poor.

  • Jewish Ladies' Benevolent Society (founded 1872). For relief of poor women and their families. and indigent lying-in women.

  • Hebrew "Friend in Need" Society (founded 1873). For relievfe of Jewish poor, grant loans, etc.

  • New Hebrew Friendly Society (from at least 1874).

  • Chevra Kadisha. An amalgamation (in about 1898) of the Ancient Hebrew Sacred Society (founded by at least 1874) and the Hebrew Burial Society.

  • Aid Society to the Jews' Hospital and Orphan Asylum (from at least 1896).

  • Jewish Ladies' Benevolent Society (from at least 1896). To provide medical attendance and a weekly allowance to poor Jewish women during confinement, and for the relief of the Jewish sick.

  • The Sabbath Meal Society. Object, to provide meals for poor Jewish strangers during the Sabbath.

  • Jewish Ladies' Dorcas. Met at the Synagogue fortnightly to make clothing for the poor (from at least 1896).

  • Chovevi Zion Association branch (from at least 1896).

  • Anglo-Jewish Association, branch (from at least 1896.

  • Jewish Working Men's Club (from at least 1896).

* As listed in the Jewish Directory of 1874 and the Jewish Year Books 1896 & 1900


Community Records


Newcastle Jewish Population Data


First Jewish settlement


Founding of community (8 October)



(The Jewish Communities of North East England 1755-1980 - L. Olsover)





400 families

(The Jewish Year Book 1895/6)



(The Jewish Year Book 1935)



(The Jewish Year Book 1947)



(The Jewish Year Book 1956)



(The Jewish Year Book 1966)



(The Jewish Year Book 1991)



(The Jewish Year Book 2000)



(The Jewish Year Book 2005)

Jewish Congregations in Tyne and Wear

Jewish Communities of England home page

Page created: 21 August 2005
LaLatest revision or update: 29 August 2023

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