The former

Hambro' Synagogue

City of London, London EC3

and Commercial Road, London E1




Page created: 24 May 2006
Latest revision or update: 7 May 2017

Congregation Data


The Hambro' Synagogue


in City of London:

1707 to 1725 (or 1720) - Home of Marcus Moses, Magpie Alley, Fenchurch Street

1725 (or 1720) to 1893 - Magpie Alley (later Church Passage), Fenchurch Street, London EC3

1893 to 1899 -
Services were held in the vestry room (or hall) of the Great Synagogue, Dukes Street (now Dukes Place), London EC3

(Location: Fenchurch Street, one of the principal streets of the City of London, extends about two-fifths of a mike west from Aldgate to Gracechurch Street. Magpie Alley (later known as Church Passage) was a narrow passage, close to Fenchurch Street railway station, that run south towards Crutched Friars, just to the east of present day Fenchurch Place.)

after 1899:

1899 to 1936 - Adler Street (formerly Union Street ), Commercial Road, Aldgate, London E1
(Building consecrated by chief Rabbi Dr. H. Adler on 27 August 1899)

(Location: Adler Street, formerly known as Union Street, was renamed after the former Chief Rabbi, Hermann Adler (1839-1911). It runs south, some 700 feet from Whitechapel High Road to Commercial Road, about 1,000 east of Gardiners Corner.)

Date Formed:

1707 (synagogue built 1725)

Current Status:

Closed in 1936, when it amalgamated with the Great Synagogue.


Ashkenazi Orthodox


One of the original five synagogues that formed the United Synagogue in 1870, of which it remained a constituent member until 1936.

Related Institution:

The Hambro' Synagogue was one of the synagogues instrumental in setting up The Beth Hamedrash, sometime prior to 1782.

Membership Data:

 In 1845 there were 70 ba'alai batim and 150 seatholders (Chief Rabbi's Questionnaire).
Number of male seat-holders from 1870: (source)















Local Government Districts:

The locality of Magpie Alley and Dukes Place are both in the Aldgate Ward of the City of London (within the administrative area of Greater London since 1 April 1965).

Until the abolition in 1908 of civil parishes in the City, Magpie Alley was in the parish of St. Katherine Coleman and Dukes Street was in the parish of St. James Dukes Place.

Adler Street is in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, created on 1 April 1965, within the administrative area of Greater London.

Previously, Adler Street (formerly Union Street) was in the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney (established 1900) within the County of London (established 1889), both of which entities were abolished in 1965.

The southern 500 feet of Union (Adler) Street, which included the Hambro' Synagogue, was in the civil parish of Mile End Old Town, the northern 200 feet being in the civil parish of Whitechapel. Both civil parishes were abolished in 1927 by absorption into Stepney Borough parish (until that parish's abolition in 1965).

Registration Districts:

for City:

Since 1 July 1837 - City of London

for Adler (Union) Street:

From 1 October 1857 - Mile End Old Town
From 1 January 1926 - Stepney
Since 1 January 1983 - Tower Hamlets (which now holds the registers)


Search the All-UK DatabaseAll-UK Database

The records in the database specifically associated with the Hambro' Synagogue include:

Seatholders Lists

1885 (151 records);
1899 (71 records);
1910 (255 records);
1933 (289 records).

For a list of other London records in the Database that may also include records associated with this congregation, click here.


On-line Articles and Other Material
relating to this Congregation


Other Congregation Information

  • Synagogue & Other Records:

    • Two Marriage Registers, completed following move from City  (first entry 27 October 1897; last entry 31 March 1927) deposited with Tower Hamlets Register Office (ref: s24).

  • Bibliography:

    • The History of the Hambro' Synagogue on the Occasion of its 200th Anniversary. Esterson W. 1925 (published by the congregation)

    • The United Synagogue 1870-1970. Newman, A. 1977

    • The Synagogues of London. Lindsay, P., 1993 (Valentine Mitchell, London) pp. 45-47

    • The Lost Synagogues of London. Renton, P., 2000 (Tymsder Publishing) pp. 39-43

    • other City sources

    • Tower Hamlet sources

    • other London sources

  • Cemetery Information (IAJGS Cemetery Project):

Street Directory of Synagogues in East End and City of London

Jewish Congregations in the City of London and London East End

Greater London home page

List of United Synagogue Congregations



Explanation of Terms   |   About JCR-UK  |   JCR-UK home page

Contact JCR-UK Webmaster:

JGSGB  JewishGen

Terms and Conditions, Licenses and Restrictions for the use of this website:

This website is owned by JewishGen and the Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain. All material found herein is owned by or licensed to us. You may view, download, and print material from this site only for your own personal use. You may not post material from this site on another website without our consent. You may not transmit or distribute material from this website to others. You may not use this website or information found at this site for any commercial purpose.

Copyright © 2002 - 2024 JCR-UK. All Rights Reserved