JCR-UK

the former

West Hartlepool Hebrew Congregation

& Hartlepool Jewish Community

Hartlepool, County Durham

 

 

   


JCR-UK is a genealogical and historical website covering all Jewish communities and
congregations throughout the British Isles and Gibraltar, both past and present.

Town of Hartlepool

The borough of Hartlepool, in the North East of England, has a population of about 100,000 and, since 1996, has been a unitary authority. Prior to then, Hartlepool was a district of the now defunct metropolitan county of Cleveland, which had been formed in 1974. After the abolition of Cleveland in 1996, Hartlepool was placed back for ceremonial purposes in County Durham. Until 1974, Hartlepool (covering an area somewhat smaller than the present borough) had been a county borough in County Durham, and was formed in 1967 by the merger of the county borough of West Hartlepool with its smaller, but older, neighbour, the municipal borough of (old) Hartlepool. Hartlepool, a port on the North Sea, is on the north side of the river Tees estuary.

Hartlepool Synagogue
Former Synagogue in Whitby Street, West Hartlepool.
(Courtesy Peter Gatoff)

The Jewish Community

The Jewish community in West Hartlepool dates from about 1851.(i) In the 1860's a congregation was established and during the 1870's the community built a synagogue and a Jewish cemetery was acquired.

In the 19th century Hartlepool was a fast growing town, commercial port and industrial centre. It became an early stop off for peddlers and Jewish immigrants en route from Holland and Hamburg, although it was not as big a port of entry as Hull or Grimsby. One incident of particular note occurred in 1882, when a group of over 200 adults and 85 children were landed in West Hartlepool as Jewish refugees from Brody (today in western Ukraine). Their destitute condition and experiences of persecution in Russia won the sympathies of local townspeople.(ii)

The congregation was never particularly large (no more than 80-90 individuals at its height in mid-twentieth century) and dwindled to little more than a dozen in the 1960's, at which time the town's only synagogue was closed.

Congregation Data

Name:

West Hartlepool Hebrew Congregation

initially known as the Hartlepool Hebrew Congregation

Address:

The synagogue was in Whitby Street, West Hartlepool. The foundation stone was laid in 1871 and synagogue consecrated by Chief Rabbi Dr. Nathan Adler in November 1872.(iv)

Former Address:

Previously the synagogue was a room in Brunswick Street, West Hartlepool, and it appears that, prior to then, the place of worship was in Old Hartlepool, in a room over a stable(v) possibly in Church Street.

Following the move to West Hartlepool, those orthodox Jews who still lived in Old Hartlepool travelled to the synagogue by ferry, paying the fare of one halfpenny in advance of the Sabbath.(v)

Formation:

The date generally given for the establishment of the congregation is 1851/2.(viii) A Jewish Chronicle report of 1869(ix) headed "West Hartlepool" states that "[T]here has been a congregation here for about six years." This is believed that this is referring to the possible date that the congregation moved from (Old) Hartlepool to the more affluent and residential West Hartlepool, rather than to the establishment of the congregation, which was clearly prior to 1863.

Current Status:

The synagogue closed in 1968(x) (the remaining members joining the Middlesbrough Hebrew Congregation(xi)) and was demolished in early 1970's.

Ritual:

Ashkenazi Orthodox

Affiliation:

The congregation was an unaffiliated congregation under the aegis of the Chief Rabbi.

Ministers and Readers:  (To view a short profile of a minister or reader whose name appears in blue - hold the cursor over the name.)

Rev. Jacob Mosesson - from early 1860s until about 1870(xv)

Rev. Hyman Levin (or Lewin) - from at least 1873 until 1874(xvi)

Rev. Alexander Tertis - in about 1876 and 1877(xvii)

Rev. I.E. Levy - from at least 1878 until about 1880(xviii)

Rev. Harris Levy - from at least 1894 until about 1902(xix)

Rev. Alexander - about 1902 until about 1903(xxii)

Rev. Shalom Cohen - from about 1903 until 1909(xxiii)

Rev. M. Glaser - from about 1909 until about 1914(xxiv)

Rev. A. Zeidenfeld - from about 1914 until February 1915(xxv)

Rev. D. Weinbaum - from about 1915 until about 1917(xxvi)

Rev. Philip Chazan - from about 1917 until about 1933(xxix)

Rev. Ezekiel Freilich - from about 1933 until 1944(xxx)

Rev. Solomon Evans - from April 1945 until 1953(xxxi)

Rabbi Dr. Alfred Willman - from at least 1956 until 1959(xxxii)

Some Visiting or Temporary Ministers or Readers:

Rev. Mark Louis Harris - visiting minister, from Sunderland, from 1883 until 1886(xxxv)

Rev. Lazarus Jacob Slevansky - temporary in about 1884(xxxvi)

Rev. Freedner - in 1884(xxxvii)

Rev. Marks E. Davis - visiting minister, from Middlesbrough, from 1891 until uncertain date(xxxviii)

Rev. Sugarman - in 1909(xxxix)

Rev. Woolf Hirsch (formerly Hirshowitz), BA - visiting minister, from Middlesbrough, from 1913 until uncertain date(xl)

Lay Officers of the Congregation:

Prior to 1896, only limited data on lay officers is available, primarily 1870s press reports, and the sources are indicated below.

From 1896, all data on lay officers has been extracted from listings in Jewish Year Book (first published 1896/7).(xliv)

Presidents

1870-1872 - Abraham Harris(xlv)

1873-1874 - Calmer Lotinga(xlvi)

1874-1875 - Abraham Harris(xlvii)

1875-1876 - Gabriel Levi Abrahams(xlviii)

1876-1878 - Abraham Harris(xlix)

1878-1880 - Gabriel Levi Abrahams(l)

* * *

1896-1906 - Jacob Mosesson(li)

1906-1909 - Jacob Broady

1909-1910 - A. Lotinga

1910-1911 - S. Sayefskie

1911-1912 - A. Barnett

1912-1914 - A. Lotinga

1914-1916 - Abram Prinsky

1916-1923 - Joseph Olswang

1923-1927 - I. Levy

1927-1932 - Marcus Bloom

1932-1936 - Harold Broady

1936-1938 - Isaac Bloom

1938-1940 - Bernard Halson

1940-1945 - no data

1945-1946 - Bernard Halson

1946-1947 - Ald. Marcus Bloom

1947-1949 - Bernard Halson

1949-1951 - A.N. Levenson

1951-1956 - Isaac Bloom

from 1956 - no data


Vice Presidents

1907-1908 - H.H. Barnett

1908-1909 - S. Franks

1909-1910 - I. Brink

1910-1911 - A. Barnett

1911-1912 - S. Franks

1912-1914 - Abram Prinsky

1914-1916 - no data

1916-1921 - Abram Prinsky

1921-1923 - I. Levy

1923-1927 - M. Lotinga

1927-1939 - no data

1939-1940 - A.N. Levenson

1940-1947 - no data

1947-1949 - A.N. Levenson

1949-1951 - Maurice Goodman

1951-1954 - S.I. Levenson

1954-1956 - H. Rachkind

from 1956 - no data

Wardens(liv)

1874 - L. Montague(lv)

1874-1875 - Gabriel Levi Abrahams(lvi)

1874-1875 - E. Lotinga(lvii)


Treasurers

1870-1874 - Gabriel Levi Abrahams(lx)

1875-1876 - S. Benjamin(lxi)

1876-1877 - Israel Broady(lxii)

1877 - Adolph Grose(lxiii)

1877-1880 - Abraham Lotinga(lxiv)

* * *

1908-1909 - H.H. Barnett

1909-1910 - I. Brink

1910-1911 - A. Barnett

1911-1912 - S. Franks

1912-1921 - Abram Prinsky

1921-1923 - I. Levy

1923-1927 - M. Lotinga

1927-1932 - Harold Broady

1932-1936 - Isaac Bloom

1936-1938 - Bernard Halson

1938-1939 - Cllr. Marcus Bloom

1939-1940 - A.N. Levenson

1940-1945 - no data

1945-1949 - A.N. Levenson

1949-1951 - Maurice Goodman

1951-1954 - S.I. Levenson

1954-1956 - H. Richkind

from 1956 - no data


Secretaries & Hon Secretaries

1871 - N. Tragheim(lxvii)

1872-1874 - Abraham Lotinga(lxviii)

1875-1876 - S.A. Goldstein(lxix)

1876-1877 - Isidor Barnsdorff(lxx)

1878-1879 - Rev. J.E. Myers(lxxi)

1879-1880 - A.J. Benjamin(lxxii)

* * *

1896-1906 - Jacob Broady

1906-1951 - Ernest Bloom(lxxiii)

1951-1952 - D.A.M. Bloom

1952-1955 - J.H. Bloom

1955-1968 - S. Levinson

Membership Data:

Number of Seatholders(lxxvi) - for earlier data, see Board of Deputies Returns

1896 - 13 seatholder

1899 - 12 seatholders

Registration District:

Hartlepool, since 1 April 1996(lxxvii) - Register Office website

 


Search the All-UK Database

The records in the database associated with Hartlepool include:

  • Burials

    • Hartlepool Cemetery, 1876-2001 (118 records*)

  • 1851 Anglo Jewry Database (updated 2016)

    • Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in Hartlepool during the 1850s (4 records), 1860s (2 records), 1870s (4 records), 1880s (2 records) and 1900s (2 records).

 

Online Articles, Videos and Other Material
relating to the Hartlepool Jewish Community

on JCR-UK

 

Notable Jewish Connections with Hartlepool

(courtesy Steven Jaffe)

  • Aldermen Ernest Bloom (1885-1953) and Marcus Bloom (1896-1977) were brothers who both served as Mayors of West Hartlepool, 1942/3 and 1945/6 respectively. Marcus was president and Ernest was the long serving hon. secretary of the West Hartlepool Hebrew Congregation. (Photograph of mayor; photograph of Bloom's pawnbroker shop.)

  • Peter Mandelson (later Lord Mandelson) was MP for Hartlepool from 1992 to 2004. He was director of communications for the Labour Party (1985-1990) and a Labour Government minister under Prime Ministers Tony Blair and Gordon Brown.

  • Lionel Tertis, CBE (1876-1975) was born in West Hartlepool, the son of the synagogue reader. He was one of the first viola players to achieve international fame and was a noted composer and teacher.

 

Other Hartlepool Jewish Institutions & Organisations

Educational & Theological

  • Jewish Congregational School (founded by 1870(lxxxi))
    Headmasters (other than the congregation's minister):
         Julius Turckheim - 1870(lxxxii) Rev. J.E. Myers - c.1877/1878
    Number of Pupils: 1870 - 24;(lxxxiii)  1876- 43.(lxxxiv)

  • Northern Area Jewish Education under Memorial Council (founded by 1931)(lxxxv)

Other Institutions

  • Anglo-Jewish Association, Hartlepool Branch, founded about 1878(lxxxviii)

  • West Hartlepool Young Men's Chevra Torah Society founded by 1882(lxxxix)

  • Hebrew Benevolent Society, formerly Jewish Board of Guardians - founded by 1884(xc)

  • Ladies Communal Help Society - founded by 1909(xci)

  • Zionist Society - founded in July 1919(xcii)

  • Chevra Kadisha - founded by 1920(xciii)

  • Order of Ancient Maccabeans - founded 1921(xciv)

  • JNF Commissioner - established by 1927(xcv)

 

Hartlepool Jewish Cemetery Information

The Hartlepool Jewish Cemetery, Old Cemetery Road, Hartlepool:

  • In 1864, the local council approved an application from the Jewish community for the establishment of a Jewish cemetery (see press report). The land was acquired from the Duke of Cleveland in 1865, although, primarily as a result of lack of funds, the cemetery was not completed until 1874 (see press report) and the earliest burials date from 1876.

  • Until 1885, this Cemetery was also used by the Middlesbrough Jewish Community.

  • The All-UK Database (above) includes 118 records of interments at the Cemetery (1876 to 2001).

(For additional information, see also IAJGS Cemeteries Project - Hartlepool

 

Hartlepool Jewish Population Data

Year

Number

Source

1870

20 families

(Jewish Chronicle report 16 August 1870)

1872

35 families

(Letter to Jewish Chronicle 15 March 1872)

1896

50*

(The Jewish Year Book 1896/7)

1898

20*

(The Jewish Year Book 1898/9)

1910

42

(The Jewish Year Book 1911)

1916

40

(The Jewish Year Book 1917)

1921

60

(The Jewish Year Book 1922)

1945

85

(The Jewish Year Book 1945/6)

1951

80

(The Jewish Year Book 1952)

1964

30

(The Jewish Year Book 1965)

1966

20

(The Jewish Year Book 1966)

1968

15

(The Jewish Year Book 1969)

* Based upon research by Harold Pollins, in particular with reference to the 1901 Census for West Hartlepool and The Jewish Chronicle, it would appear that the above population figures for the 1890s is substantially below the actual figures. Mr. Pollins identified 14 Jewish families and a single man in 1901, two of which consisted of 12 family members each, one of 9 family members, one of 8, two of 7, and four families of 5. In total, they accounted for 89 individuals. Furthermore, as at least eight of the families were present in the 1891 census, the increase in numbers could not have been the result of a sudden influx of Jews into the town.

Notes & Sources
( returns to text above)

  • (i) The Jewish Communities of North East England by Lewis Olsover, 1981, Book Two, Chapter 8 ("Olsover's Book"), p.302.

  • (ii) Jewish Chronicle reports of 12 May 1882, 6 June 1882 and 23 June 1882.

  • (iii) Reserved.

  • (iv) Olsover's Book p. 302, which stated that the consecration took place on 25 November, whereas The Jewish Chronicle report of 8 November 1872, extracted by Harold Pollins, gives the date as 5 November.

  • (v) Olsover's Book p. 302.

  • (vi) and (vii) Reserved.

  • (viii) Jewish Year Books from 1949 include a note that the congregation was founded in 1852 and Olsover's Books gives 1851, but adds that, at which date, there was already a community in existence worshipping in small groups in private homes.

  • (ix) Jewish Chronicle report of 25 June 1869.

  • (x) Olsover's Book p. 305.

  • (xi) The Jewish Chronicle on 2 January 1970 carried the following report:
    Hartlepool synagogue in Whitby Street founded in 1872, has been officially certified as being no longer a place of worship after two years of disuse. The few remaining effects are to be transferred to Middlesbrough Synagogue. The president of Hartlepool Jewish community, Mr S. Levinson, said last week in a statement: "After 95 years the Hartlepool (formerly West Hartlepool) Hebrew Congregation has ceased to exist as a community, and most of the existing members are transferring their membership to the neighbouring community in Middlesbrough."

  • (xii) to (xiv) Reserved.

  • (xv) The Jewish Chronicle of 16 August 1870 refers to the congregation's minister as Rev. Jacob Mosesson. He was a resident in Hartlepool from at least 1865 (The Jewish Chronicle of 6 October 1865). In 1870 the congregation advertised for a chazan and shochet presumably to replace Rev. Mosesson. He is referred to as Rev. J. Moses in the Stockton & Hartlepool Mercury report of 28 February 1865 on the first Jewish marriage in Hartlepool.

  • (xvi) In South Durham Herald report of 22 February 1873 of a Jewish wedding in West Hartlepool, Rev. Levin is referred to as the local reader. The Jewish Chronicle of 6 November 1874 reported his election as minister at Cheltenham.

  • (xvii) Rev. Tertis's son, Lionel, was born in West Hartlepool in 1876. In the South Durham Herald report of 17 March 1877 of Jewish wedding in West Hartlepool, Rev. Tertis was described as the resident minister.

  • (xviii) Jewish Chronicle reports.

  • (xix) Also spelled Levi. In Northern Daily Mail report of 20 February 1894 of a Jewish wedding in West Hartlepool Rev. Levy is described him as "rabbi of Hartlepool". The Jewish Chronicle of 8 February 1901 reported that Rev. Levy conducted the memorial service at the West Hartlepool Synagogue for the late Queen Victoria. He is listed as minister of the congregation from the first Jewish Year Book (1896/7) through 1901/2..

  • (xx) and (xxi) Reserved.

  • (xxii) Although Rev. Alexander is listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1902/3 through 1905/6, it is believed, based on the term of office of his successor, that he left by 1903.

  • (xxiii) Rev. Cohen is listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1906 through 1909, However, according to granddaughter Ruth, he was in Hartlepool from as early as 1903: "My father Harry was born in Hartlepool in 1903, one of the 6 children of Hannah and Chazan Shalom Cohen" (Kehilat Middlesbrough website). The Jewish Chronicle of 13 May 1904 places Rev. Cohen in Hartlepool in 1904.

  • (xxiv) Also spelled Glazer. The Jewish Chronicle 1 July 1910 places Rev. Glaser in Hartlepool and on 13 February 1914 it reported that he conducted a memorial service at the synagogue in West Hartlepool. He is listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1910 through 1914.

  • (xxv) The Jewish Chronicle of 4 October 1914 places Rev. Zeidenfeld in West Hartlepool and The Jewish Chronicle of 12 February 1915 reports on his move to Croydon. He is listed as minister of the congregation solely in the Jewish Year Book 1915.

  • (xxvi) The Jewish Chronicle reported on 7 May 1915 that Rev Mr Weinbaum of London had been elected chazzan, shochet etc. of the congregation and on 13 October 1916 it placed Rev. Weinbaum still in West Hartlepool. He is listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1916 and 1917.

  • (xxvii) and (xxviii) Reserved.

  • (xxix) The Jewish Chronicle of 5 October 1917 places Rev. Chazan in West Hartlepool (as Chatan Bereshith). He is listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1918 through 1933 and his gravestone states that he was minister to the West Hartlepool Hebrew congregation for 17 years.

  • (xxx) The Jewish Chronicle of 22 June 1934 placed Rev. Freilich in West Hartlepool and . on 6 October 1944 it reported that Rev. Freilich, after having served the West Hartlepool Hebrew Congregation for over II years, had accepted a call as minister to his former community, the Bolton Hebrew Congregation. He is listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books from 1934 until the wartime cessation of publication (post 1940).

  • (xxxi) The Jewish Chronicle of 14 September 1945 reported that Rev. S. R. Evans had reorganised the congregation's classes since his appointment as minister in April and in his The Jewish Chronicle obituary of 7 June 2002, it refers to his appointed in 1945 to West Hartlepool Hebrew Congregation, where he remained for eight years, serving as chaplain to the then mayor, Alderman Marcus Bloom, and Jewish chaplain to the prison in Durham. He is listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1947 through 1953.

  • (xxxii) The Jewish Chronicle of 28 August 1959 reported that Rabbi Dr. Arthur Willman, of West Hartlepool, had been appointed minister of the Norwich Hebrew Congregation and would also fulfil the duties of reader and teacher. He is listed as minister of the West Hartlepool congregation in Jewish Year Books 1957 through 1967 (clearly incorrect).

  • (xxxiii) and (xxxiv) Reserved.

  • (xxxv) The Jewish Chronicle of 17 August 1888 reported that Rev. Harris was paid £4 for his visits to Hartlepool.

  • (xxxvi) In a list of Mohelim published by The Jewish Chronicle on 18 September 1884 Rev L. Slevansky's address is given as Synagogue House, West Hartlepool although on 31 October 1884 he is described as "temporarily acting as reader" in near-by Middlesbrough.

  • (xxxvii) The Jewish Chronicle of 31 October 1884 reported that a Rev. Freedner gave a sermon in Hebrew at the West Hartlepool Synagogue but there is no indication whether he was a visiting or resident minister.

  • (xxxviii) The Jewish Chronicle of 9 January 1891 reported the appointment of Rev. Davis as visiting minister to the towns of Darlington and West Hartlepool. Rev. Davis presumably continued to serve, from time to time, as visiting minister until he left Middlesbrough in 1912.

  • (xxxix) The Jewish Chronicle of 21 May 1909 reported that Rev. Singerman officiated at a wedding in West Hartlepool. The report did not indicate whether he was a visiting minister or resident in Hartlepool.

  • (xl) Rev. (later Rabbi) Hirsch presumably continued to serve, from time to time, as visiting minister until he left Middlesbrough in 1920.

  • (xli) to (xliii) Reserved.

  • (xliv) Where a person is first listed in a year book as holding a particular office, it has been assumed that his term of office commenced in the year of publication of the relevant year book and that he continued in office until the commencement of office of his successor, unless the office was vacant. Initially year books corresponded to the Hebrew year, and thus ran roughly from autumn of one year - the year of publication - until autumn of the next year. From 1909, year books were published according to the Gregorian year, being published generally towards the end of the year prior to the year appearing in the title of the year book. For example, if an officer is listed in Jewish Year Books 1919 through 1924, it is assumed that he commenced office in 1918 and continued in office until 1924. However, it should be noted that this is only an assumption and, accordingly, his actual years of office may differ somewhat from those shown here. Jewish Year Books were not published during World War II subsequent to 1940. There were no Jewish Year Book listings of officers (other than secretary) subsequent to 1956

  • (xlv) A. Harris was named as president in The Jewish Chronicle report of 16 August 1870 and referred to as president in 1872 in Olsover's Book, p.303.

  • (xlvi) C. Lotinga was listed as president in The Jewish Directory for 1874 by Asher I. Myers.

  • (xlvii) A. Harris was named as the outgoing president in The Jewish Chronicle report of 7 May 1875.

  • (xlviii) G.L. Abrahams's election as president for the ensuing year was reported in The Jewish Chronicle on 7 May 1875. Obituary in The Jewish Chronicle 7 May 1891.

  • (xlix) A. Harris's election as president for the ensuing years was reported in The Jewish Chronicle on 12 May 1876 and 11 May 1877.

  • (l) G.L. Abrahams's election as president for the ensuing years was reported in The Jewish Chronicle on 10 May 1878 and 9 May 1879.

  • (li) Also spelled Mossesson. He was listed as president in the first Jewish Year Book (1896/7) but is believed to have served for some years previously.

  • (lii) and (liii) Reserved.

  • (liv) The only reference to the election of wardens were two reports of 1874, and the two wardens elected could possibly have also served as president and treasurer, respectively.

  • (lv) L. Montague's election as warden was reported in The Jewish Chronicle on 23 January 1873. However he was not re-elected at a meeting held a few months later (The Jewish Chronicle report of 17 April 1873).

  • (lvi) G.L. Abraham's election as warden was reported in The Jewish Chronicle on 23 January 1874 and his re-election (presumably for the ensuing year) was reported in The Jewish Chronicle of 17 April 1874.

  • (lvii) E. Lotinga's election as warden (presumably for the ensuing year) was reported in The Jewish Chronicle of 17 April 1874.

  • (lviii) and (lix) Reserved.

  • (lx) G.L. Abrahams was named as treasurer in The Jewish Chronicle report of 16 August 1870, was referred to as treasurer in 1872 in Olsover's Book, p.303 and was listed as treasurer in The Jewish Directory for 1874 by Asher I. Myers.

  • (lxi) S. Benjamin's election as treasurer for the ensuing year was reported in The Jewish Chronicle on 7 May 1875.

  • (lxii) Israel Broady's election as treasurer for ensuing years was reported in The Jewish Chronicle on 12 May 1876.

  • (lxiii) A. Grose's election as treasurer was reported in The Jewish Chronicle on 11 May 1877. However, as he was leaving Hartlepool, he was replaced in August 1877 (The Jewish Chronicle report of 10 August 1877)

  • (lxiv) A. Lotinga's initial election as treasurer was reported in The Jewish Chronicle of 10 August 1877. His re-election for the ensuing years was reported in The Jewish Chronicle on 10 May 1878 and 9 May 1879.

  • (lxv) and (lxvi) Reserved.

  • (lxvii) N. Tragheim is referred to as hon.. secretary in The Jewish Chronicle report o 11 April 1871.

  • (lxviii) A. Lotinga was referred to as hon. Secretary in 1872 in Olsover's Book, p.303 and was listed as hon. secretary in The Jewish Directory for 1874 by Asher I. Myers.

  • (lxix) S.A. Goldstein's election as hon. secretary for the ensuing year was reported in The Jewish Chronicle on 7 May 1875.

  • (lxx) The election of Isidor Barnsdorff (also spelled Burnsdorf and Bernsdorf) as hon. secretary (presumably for the ensuing year) was reported in The Jewish Chronicle on 12 May 1876.

  • (lxxi) Rev. I.E. Myers's election as hon. secretary for the ensuing year was reported in The Jewish Chronicle on 10 May 1878.

  • (lxxii) A.J. Benjamin's election as hon. secretary for the ensuing year was reported in The Jewish Chronicle on 9 May 1879.

  • (lxxiii) The Jewish Year Book was not published during the war years 1940 to 1945. However as Ernest Bloom was listed as hon. secretary for many years both prior to the cessation of publication and after the resumption of publication, it is assumed that he also served in such capacity during throughout the war. He is described as Councillor Ernest Bloom in Jewish Year Books 1922 through 1926 and as Alderman Ernest Bloom in the editions 1945/6 through 1951.

  • (lxxiv) and (lxxv) Reserved.

  • (lxxvi) Data extracted from Jewish Year Books 1896/7 and 1899/1900, respectively.

  • (lxxvii) Previous registration districts: Stockton - 1 July 1837 to 1 July 1838; Durham South Eastern - 1 July 1838 to 9 June 1859; Hartlepool - 9 June 1859 to 1 July 1938; West Hartlepool - 1 July 1938 to 1 April 1967; Hartlepool - 1 April 1967 to 1 April 1974; North Cleveland - 1 April 1974 to 1 April 1996. Any registers would now be held by current register office.

  • (lxxviii) to (lxxx) Reserved.

  • (lxxxi) The Jewish Chronicle report of 7 October 1870 referred to the "New West Hartlepool Jewish School".

  • (lxxxii) Named as headmaster in The Jewish Chronicle report of 7 October 1870.

  • (lxxxiii) The Jewish Chronicle report of 7 October 1870.

  • (lxxxiv) The Jewish Chronicle report of 23 June 1876.

  • (lxxxv) First listed in Jewish Year Book 1932.

  • (lxxxvi) and (lxxxvii) Reserved.

  • (lxxxviii) The Jewish Chronicle report of 8 February 1876.

  • (lxxxix) Mentioned in The Jewish Chronicle report of 23 June 1882.

  • (xc) Mentioned in The Jewish Chronicle report of 25 April 1884.

  • (xci) First listed in Jewish Year Book 1910.

  • (xcii) The Jewish Chronicle report of 4 July 1919.

  • (xciii) First listed in Jewish Year Book 1921.

  • (xciv) The Jewish Chronicle report of 22 April 1921.

  • (xcv) First listed in Jewish Year Book 1928.

Jewish Congregations in County Durham

Jewish Communities of England homepage


Page created: 3 October 2005
Data significantly expanded and notes added: 26 June 2022
Page most recently amended: 30 June 2022

Research by David Shulman, asssted by Steven Jaffe
Formatting by David Shulman


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