North-East England Jewry
in Victorian Britain




Extract from papers on
Provincial Jewry in Victorian Britain

Papers prepared by Dr. (later Prof.) Aubrey Newman for a conference at University College, London, convened on 6 July 1975 by the Jewish Historical Society of England
(Reproduced here with Prof. Newman's kind consent)

Paper first published on JCR-UK: 21 July 2016
Latest revision: 24 August 2016


Prepared from material compiled by L. Olsover

The North-East was particularly well-positioned to receive immigrants from Eastern Europe. There were direct shipping routes between the ports of the North-East (of the Tyne, the Wear, and the Tees) and those of Northern Germany and the Baltic, and the result was a development of communities there, as shown by the following Table.

1st settlement 1st synagogue
Tyne Newcastle 1830 1838
North Shields 1846 1870
South Shields 1846 1880
  Gateshead 1880 1883
Wear Sunderland 1768 1781
  Durham 1880 1906
Tees Hartlepool 1851 1870
  Middlesbrough 1862 1871
  Darlington 1873 1884
  Stockton 1884 1906

Few of these were very large, even at their peak, but they represented a fairly considerable extension of Jewish life. Much of the economic activity of these communities was obviously dictated by the industry and commerce of the region as a whole, and although few of the Jews of these areas played much direct part (with several outstanding exceptions) in the coal or iron/steel industries, they were to be found prominently in the life of the working-class communities of which they formed a part. Credit-drapers, travellers, and retail shopkeepers were prominent among the occupations of these first generation immigrants, as may be seen from the details of some of the individual congregations.


Conference Papers on Individual
North-East England Communities


Provincial Jewry in Victorian Britain - List of Contents

Jewish Communities in Tyne & Wear, Durham and North Yorkshire

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