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The Jeff Malka Sephardic Collection

Victims of Riots in Oujda and Jérada (Morocco)
June 7-8, 1948

The independent State of Israel had been established three weeks earlier on May 14th, 1948. Finally a homeland for the Jewish people! In the Gola we all were happy although very much worried for our brothers in the Holy Land who were fighting against seven Arab countries that declared war against the new nation.

On the morning of June the 7th, 1948, a riot broke out against the Jews in Oujda (Morocco), a city in the north-east of the country close to the border with Algeria. Five Jews were killed and many wounded. This was not enough for the bloodthirsty horde of rioters. The following day, June 8th the hate filled rioting spread to the small mining village of Jerada, 60 km south west of Oujda. There, the Jewish community numbered some 100 souls. What a horrible massacre! 38 human beings were slaughtered, sometimes entire families. Many, left as dead, were severely wounded.

The number of wounded people exceeded one hundred. Killing was not enough: material damages were severe especially in Oujda. In both localities the police forces arrived so late that they could only note the damages. According to the historians Haim Saadoun and Yaron Tsour and others, several factors led to the outbreak of riots:


1. The feeling of brotherhood towards the Palestinian people;
2. The huge progress made by the local nationalist movement of independence;
3. The fact that hundreds of young Jews were illegally leaving Morocco and crossing the border between Morocco and Algeria, close to Oujda en route towards France and Israel;
4. The speech given by Morocco Sultan, Mohamed V, in which he expressed concern about Morocco's Palestinian Arab brothers, although emphasizing Moroccan Jews' loyalty to Morocco. He ended by calling for countrywide calm. Unfortunately, many listeners only heard the first part of his speech


I was unable to find the victims' names anywhere, till Rabbi Eliahou Marciano suggested to look in the rabbinical book 'And Solomon awoke', with funeral orations listing the riot victims' names read out during the eulogies. This transcribed list the Oujda and Jerada riot victim names is a humble tribute to their memories as well as a reminder of their annihilation.

Surname Given name Family Relation Pogrom Place Notes
Assaban Eliahou Oujda
Azoulai Mimoun Oujda
Ben Mamon Yehye Oujda
Cohen Aisha Mother os R'Moshe z"l" Jérada One of six slaughtered family members
Cohen Aisha Wife of R'Moshe z"l Jérada 33 years old One of six slaughtered family members
Cohen David Son of Yitzhak Jérada
Cohen Efraim Son of R"Moshe z"l & Aisha z"l Jérada 13 years old at the eve of his Bar-Mitzva; One of six slaughtered family members
Cohen Eliahu Son of David Jérada
Cohen Fortune Daughter of R"Moshe z"l & Aisha z"l Jérada 6 years old; One of six slaughtered family members
Cohen Maha Daughter of Eliahu and Sauda z"l Jérada One of three slaughtered family members
Cohen Meha Mother of Shmuel Mareli z"l Jérada One of two slaughtered family members
Cohen Meir Son of Eliahu and Sauda z"l Jérada One of three slaughtered family members
Cohen Moshe Son of Aisha z"l Jérada 38 years old Rabbi & Shohet; one of six slaughtered family members
Cohen Nuna Daughter of Aharon Jérada
Cohen Sauda Wife of Eliahu Jérada One of three slaughtered family members
Cohen Sauda Daughter of Shlomo Jérada One of two slaughtered family members
Cohen Shimon Son of Abraham Jérada
Cohen Simha Daughter of R"Moshe z"l & Aisha z"l Jérada 1 year old, still breast-feeding; One of six slaughtered family members
Cohen Yitzhak Son of Shlomo and Sauda z"l Jérada One of two slaughtered family members
Dayan Messod Oujda Old man
Edery Shemtov Jérada
Malca Nuna Wife of Shlomo z"l Jérada One of four slaughtered family members
Malca Shalom Son o Shlomo z"l and Nuna z"l Jérada One of four slaughtered family members
Malca Shimon Son o Shlomo z"l and Nuna z"l Jérada One of four slaughtered family members
Malca Shlomo Famly head Jérada One of four slaughtered family members
Marciano Sauda Daughter of Moshe and Sultana z"l Jérada One of four slaughtered family members
Marciano Shlilam Head of family Jérada One of four slaughtered family members
Marciano Sultana Wife of Moshe son of Shlilam z"l Jérada One of four slaughtered family members
Marciano Yaakov Son of Moshe and Sultana z"l Jérada One of four slaughtered family members
Mareli Maha Wife of Meir z"l Jérada One of three slaughtered family members
Mareli Mazaltov Daughter of Meir z'l and Maha z"l Jérada One of three slaughtered family members
Mareli Meir Head of family Jérada One of three slaughtered family members
Mareli Shmuel Son of Meha Cohen z"l Jérada One of two slaughtered family members
Saadon Eliahu Son of Yitzhak Jérada
Teboul Amram Son of Semaya z"l Jérada One of two slaughtered family members
Teboul Shemaya Father of Amram z"l Jérada One of two slaughtered family members
Unknown Moshe Son-in-law of Medioni Jérada
Unknown Sylvain Jérada From Algeria
Unknown Jérada Worker of Shemaya Teboul z"l
Unknown Jérada Worker of Shemaya Teboul z"l

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the tremendous contributions and lifelong dedication of Mathilde Tagger, z"l who made this index available. For many years, and right until her untimely death, Mathilde Tagger was a very close friend and collaborator with Jeff Malka. Together they worked to promote Sephardic genealogy research and educate the public about its enormous potential.

In addition, we express our grateful appreciation to Dr. Jeff Malka for his monumental ongoing effort to collect and make accessible Sephardic genealogical information, and for his generosity in contributing his extraordinarily valuable collection to JewishGen.


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